Discovering the World of Turdus Merula

The Turdus merula, commonly known as the European blackbird, is a species of passerine bird that is widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa. It is one of the most common and well-known bird species in its range and is a familiar sight in gardens, parks, and countryside.

Discovering the World of Turdus Merula
The Melodious European Blackbird: Turdus Merula


The European blackbird is a large and robust songbird with a distinctive glossy black plumage, with a slightly iridescent sheen. Males are entirely black, while females are a brownish-black with lighter underparts. Both sexes have yellow bills and dark eyes, and the species is easily recognizable by its cheerful and melodious song. Juvenile blackbirds have brown and speckled plumage, which gradually darkens as they mature.

Habitat and Distribution:

Turdus merula is a highly adaptable species that can be found in a wide variety of habitats, including deciduous and coniferous forests, parks, gardens, and farmland. It is a resident species throughout its range and is not known to migrate, although some populations may make limited altitudinal movements in response to changing food availability.


The European blackbird is omnivorous, feeding on a variety of food items, including earthworms, snails, insects, fruits, and berries. In urban environments, they are known to take advantage of bird feeders, gardens, and parks to supplement their diet.


European blackbirds are highly social birds that form tight-knit communities. Males establish their territories in the spring and sing to attract a mate, with their melodious song often being one of the first signs of spring. They are also highly territorial, and will defend their territory from other blackbirds and other bird species.


Turdus merula breeds between April and June, constructing a cup-shaped nest from twigs and other vegetation, which is lined with feathers and other soft materials. The female lays a clutch of 4-6 eggs, which are incubated for around two weeks. Both the male and female care for the chicks, which fledge after around three weeks.

Conservation Status:

The European blackbird has a wide and stable global population, and is not considered to be at risk of extinction. However, populations in some regions may be threatened by habitat loss and degradation, as well as by the introduction of non-native species and disease.

The Melodious European Blackbird: Turdus Merula
The Glistening Beauty of the Turdus Merula

In conclusion, the Turdus merula, or European blackbird, is a common and well-loved bird species that is widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. With its glossy black plumage, cheerful song, and adaptable nature, it is a familiar sight in gardens, parks, and countryside and is an important species in its ecosystem.

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