Ring-necked Pheasant

 Of the pheasant family (Phasianidae), Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) is a bird. The genus name colchicus is Latin for "of Colchis" (modern day Georgia), a Black Sea country where Europeans became knowledgeable of pheasants. Phasianus diverged around 20 million years ago from the species Gallus, a species of junglefowl and domesticated chickens.


Ring-necked Pheasant


It is endemic to regions such as the northern foothills of the Caucasus and the Balkans in Asia and portions of Europe. As a game- bird, it has been commonly released elsewhere.

The male common pheasant has multiple color variants, ranging in color from nearly white to almost black in some melanistic cases. This is attributed to sub-species captive breeding and hybridization and with the green pheasant, strengthened by constant stock releases from different sources to the wild.


Ring-necked Pheasant

The length of the adult male common pheasant of the nominated subspecies Phasianus colchicus colchicus is 60-89 cm (24-35 in) with a long brown streaked black tail, comprising almost 50 cm (20 in) of the total length. The body plumage is brilliant gold barred or fiery copper-red and chestnut-brown plumage with iridescent green and purple gloss; but often the rump uniform is grey. White or cream wing covering and black-barred markings on the tail are usual. The head with a tiny crown and conspicuous red wattle is bottle green.


Ring-necked Pheasant

The female (hen) and juveniles are even less showy with a duller mottled brown plumage all over and about 50-63 cm (20-25 in) long, with a tail of about 20 cm (7.9 in). Juvenile birds have the look of a female with a shorter tail until, at about 10 weeks after hatching, young males begin to develop distinctive light feathers on the breast, head and back.


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