Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)

Within the Old World flycatcher family, the red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva) is a small passerine bird. In eastern Europe and throughout Central Asia, it breeds and is migratory, wintering in southern Asia. In western Europe, it is a periodic passage migrant, while the collared flycatcher that breeds further east is uncommon. This is because of the various routes of migration.


Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)
Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)

This tiny 11-12 cm long flycatcher's breeding male is mostly brown above and white below, with a grey head and orange throat. The bill is black and has the form typical of aerial insectivores, wide yet pointed. This species hunts caterpillars among the oak foliage in addition to taking insects in flight, and may take berries.


Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)
Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva)

Non-breeding males, females and juveniles have brown heads and have no throat collar, but are easily differentiated by size and wheatear-like tail pattern from other Ficedula flycatchers, with an inverted dark T against the sides of the white tail.


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